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RAAF in Australia: photos 33 & 34, FAA (B-339B) photos: 36, 37, 38, 39, 40.
Photo Buffalo 01: Two squadrons of Brewster Buffaloes lined-up in November 1941. In front, Buffalo AN185/TD-V flown by Doug Vanderfield, one of very few pilots who became an ace on Buffalo.
Photo Buffalo 02: The visit of the AOC FE Command, on 19th November, 1941 to the two Australian units, No. 21 Squadron, RAAF and No. 453 (RAAF) Squadron was highly publicised and many of these photographs were published in a Malayan newspaper at that time. The aim was to show the strength of the Commonwealth forces around Singapore. It seems, however, that it was not enough to convince the Japanese not to invade the Malayan Peninsula.
Photo Buffalo 03: See photo 02. Brewster Buffalo AN185/TD-V, Doug Vanderfield’s aircraft, can be seen parked in the front.
Photo Buffalo 04: Photo 02 taken from another angle.
Photo Buffalo 05: ‘Scramble’ practice for the Australian pilots. The Brewster Buffalo was not a bad aircraft as such, the Finns proved this under other skies, but in the Far East, it was not used in good conditions, and was flown by too much unexperienced pilots.
Photo Buffalo 06: Three of No. 453 (RAAF) Squadron’s Buffaloes low flying over Sembawang during AVM C.H. Pulford’s visit.
Photo Buffalo 07: Three of No. 453 (RAAF) Squadron’s Buffaloes flying over Sembawang during AVM C.H. Pulford’s visit. The Squadron was still flying in the classic three plane “V” formation, which had proved unsuitable for modern air combat, as had been demonstrated in the Battle of Britain.
Photo Buffalo 08: An armed Australian soldier standing in front of one of the squadron’s Buffaloes to prevent any acts of sabotage. The aircraft is W8157.
Photo Buffalo 09: The other Australian Brewster Buffalo squadron, No. 21 Squadron, RAAF, also stationed at Sembawang, is lined up after No.453 Squadron’s aircraft.
Photo Buffalo 10: Still No. 21 Squadron, RAAF. In the forefront is Sergeant Mighall.
Photo Buffalo 11: The other Australian Buffalo squadron, No. 21 Squadron, RAAF, also stationed at Sembawang, is lined up after No.453 Squadron’s aircraft. Above, Sergeant G.T. Harrison is seated in AN180/GA-B. Behind, Sergeant N.R. Chapman is seated in W8224/GA-M.
Photo Buffalo 12: The retreat and evacuation of Singapore was chaotic, and many Buffaloes fell almost intact in Japanese hands, like this one Brewster Buffalo AN194/GA-D of No. 21 Squadron, RAAF.
Photo Buffalo 13: The last squadron to be equipped wwith the Brewster Buffalo, was the new formed No. 488 (NZ) Squadron, coded NF.
Photo Buffalo 14: A new Brewster Buffalo just allocated to No. 488 (NZ) Squadron, with the squadron codes ‘NF’ painted on, but still waiting for its individual letter.
Photo Buffalo 15: A No. 488 (NZ) Squadron Brewster Buffalo parked and ready for an immediate take-off. However in many cases, the Buffaloes took off too late to be in position to engage combat in good conditions.
Photo Buffalo 16: Brewster Buffalo Mk. I W8138, was the personal mount of the New Zealander Pilot Officer Noel Sharp of No. 488 (NZ) Squadron.
Photo Buffalo 17: One squadron operated the Brewster Buffalo outside Malaysia, No. 67 Squadron based in Burma (code RD).
Photo Buffalo 18: Brewster Buffalo W8243 of No. 67 Squadron and coded RD-B
Photo Buffalo 19: A Brewster Buffalo being lift up after a flying accident. The RAF wreckedabout 20 Buffaloes in accident between April 1941 and December 1941.
Photo Buffalo 20: Brewster Buffaloes being re-assembled.
Photo Buffalo 21: A Brewster Buffalo being uncrated.
Photo Buffalo 22: Brewster Buffalo W8245 of No. 67 Squadron in Burma.
Photo Buffalo 23: Same aircraft seen from the other side.
Photo Buffalo 24: The retreat and evacuation of Singapore was chaotic, and many Brewster Buffaloes fell almost intact in Japanese hands, like this one AN196/WP-W of No. 243 Squadron.
Photo Buffalo 25: The remains of a Brewster Buffalo Mk. I. The RAF lost many of them on the ground during the first days of the Japanese invasion.
Photo Buffalo 26: A front view of another Brewster Buffalo of No. 488 (NZ) Squadron. The serial is illegible, but belongs to the W range sequence.
Photo Buffalo 27: Warming-up for a Brewster Buffalo of No. 488 (NZ) Squadron. The pilot in command is Flight Lieutenant McKenzie, who later led the Squadron.
Photo Buffalo 28: The first Brewster Buffaloes just re-assembled and ready to be allocated.
Photo Buffalo 29: Four views of the first Brewster B-339E (Buffalo Mk. I), before to be shipped in the UK for evaluation. Only three of 170 ordered were shipped to Europe, all the remaining production Buffaloes being shipped to the Far East directly from the US.
Photo Buffalo 30: See photo 29
Photo Buffalo 31: See photo 29
Photo Buffalo 32: See photo 29
Photo Buffalo (RAAF) 33: The RAAF took charge of somme Brewster B339-23s from the Dutch, and received the Australian denomination A51.
Photo Buffalo (RAAF) 34: This Brewster nosed-up after a perilious landing. Most of the A51s were used by No. 1 PRU, RAAF, as reconnaissance fighter, even if some were by fighter units for a little while.
Photo Buffalo 35: A former Belgian B-339B while being tested at the A&AAE at the end of 1940. The Belgian B-339 were too different to be assimilated to the Brewter Buffalo Mk.I and all went to the FAA. The Belgian-339 never received the denomination of Buffalo Mk.I in British service.
Photo Buffalo (FAA) 36: Because of their shortcomings, the ex-Belgian B-339B were kept in a defensive role and saw little action.
Photo Buffalo (FAA) 37: Because of lack of spare parts, the FAA’s B-339s serviciability decreased month after month, and they were withdrawn from use in Spring 1942.
Photo Buffalo (FAA) 38: Most of the ex-Belgian B-339Bs were sent to Egypt where they equipped No. 805 Squadron of the FAA. They served from land bases only until 1942.
Photo Buffalo (FAA) 39: Brewster B-339B AX815 of No. 805 Sqn in Spring 1941.
Photo Buffalo (FAA) 40: Brewster B-339B AS413 seen shortly after its arrival in the Middle East in March 1941 for service with No. 805 Sqn.